For Bible Stidies.


1.      What does upright and blameless mean?

Upright (righteous) and Blameless (no cause) but this doesn't mean sinless, for all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Rom. 3:23).  The reason Job was upright is that he feared God and shunned evil (Job 1:1; Psa 103:17). The reason Job was blameless is because he covered sins with sacrifices (Job 1:5).  Animal sacrifices don’t take away sin, they only cover it (Heb. 10:4; Lev. 17:11). 


2.      What time period was Job and why? 

During the time period between Jacob and Moses.  1) Eliphaz, Job’s friend, was a Temanite - Teman was from the city of Edom (Ezek. 25:13).  Edom is where the descendants of Esau resided (Gen. 25:13) therefore, the time period was after Esau was born.  The name Eliphaz (Job 2:11), is the same name as the eldest son of Esau (Gen. 36:10-11), it could potentially be the same person. 2) Job died at the age of ~180-200years: Job lived 140years after God restored what was lost (Job 42:16).  Job’s first set of children had their own houses therefore they were adults and Job would have been 40-60 years old. This meant he lived to about the same age as Isaac.  People who lived to this age existed before Moses.  3) The reason it is before Moses is because he didn’t have a book to reference (Job 31:35).  The written Torah came through Moses.


3.      What is the reason that Satan had access to Job and why? 

Job's Fear.  God allowed Satan access because God had been protecting Job from the consequences of Job’s own faith in the negative (fear).  Job says, “For the thing I greatly feared has come upon me, and what I dreaded has happened to me” (Job. 3:25).  “Greatly feared” derived from "fearing fear" in the Hebrew.  This phrase is only used 2 other times in the scripture; once in reference to God (Ps. 14:5) and the other in reference to fearing the unknown (Ps. 53:5).  Job’s highest motivation was not to get the consequences and these thoughts plagued him, therefore he did the sacrifices “just in case” (Job 1:5). 

God in His mercy wanted to free Job from this (James 5:11) and unbeknownst to Satan, to expose this in Job.  So instead of Job holding it in, he gives it over to God.  Job’s relationship with God would not be based on consequences but would be based on gratitude and dependence on Him.   


4.      Excluding the fear of God, what is the root of fearing others or situations and why? 

Pride can be defined as self-dependence/lack of faith/unbelief in God. Self-reliance and a belief in oneself lead to unbelief in God’s word like when Satan tempted Eve (Gen. 3:4-5).   The serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”   Therefore, the next step after this is fear because of inadequacy.  God refers to this as proud waves, “And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?” (Job 38:11)


5.      What was the main thing Job was seeking to know from God and why?

Why God had done this to him without reason.  Job said, “Why then do You not pardon my transgression, and take away my iniquity? For now I will lie down in the dust, and You will seek me diligently, But I will no longer be” (Job 7:21). “I will say to God, ‘Do not condemn me; show me why You contend with me” (Job 10:2).  “That You should seek for my iniquity and search out my sin” (Job 10:6). “But I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God (Job 13:3). “Why do You hide Your face, And regard me as Your enemy?” (Job 13:24).


6.      What did Eliphaz say of God, that God was not pleased with (Job 42:7), and why?

God was chastening Job for sin.  Eliphaz said, “Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: for he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole. He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee” (Job 5:17-19).


7.      Why didn't God speak badly about Elihu like He did about Job's 3 friends?

Elihu spoke what was correct.  God affirmed Elihu’s statements by repeating what Elihu said, e.g. Elihu said, “Therefore Job opens his mouth in vain; He multiplies words without knowledge” (Job 35:16). “Job speaks without knowledge, his words are without wisdom” (Job 34:35).  God speaks to Job after Elihu has spoken, “Who is this who darkens counsel by words without knowledge? (Job 38:2)


8.      What did Elihu say was the reason for this coming on Job and why?

Sin.  Job 34:37 - For he adds rebellion to his sin; He claps his hands among us, and multiplies his words against God.”


9.     How does Job compare to Christians?

Christians have the Blood of Yeshua to wash away their sins, they have Holy Spirit to help them and teach them, and they have the Bible.  Job DIDN’T have any of these.


10. What did Job repent for the first time and why (Job 40:4-5)?

For his rebellion (self-justification against God).  YHWH answered Job, and said: “Shall  the one who contends with the Almighty correct Him? He who rebukes God, let him answer it” (Job 40:1-2).  Job said, “Then Job answered the Lord and said: “Behold, I am vile; What shall I answer You? I lay my hand over my mouth. Once I have spoken, but I will not answer; Yes, twice, but I will proceed no further.” (Job 40:3-5)


11. What did Job repent for the second time and why (Job 42:2-6)?

Use the KJV here as it is better translation of Hebrew Text.

For not recognizing that the reason for the suffering was his prideful/self-dependent thoughts (fearful thoughts) that he didn’t realize God knew.  God had said to Job, “Would you indeed annul My judgment?” (Job 40:8) Just before Job repents, God says about the Leviathan (representation of Satan), “He beholds every high thing; He is king over all the children of pride” (Job 41:34).  Satan had access to Job because of his pride, it wasn’t for no reason.  Job’s thoughts of self-reliance were plaguing him.


“Then Job answered the Lord, and said, I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought (mischievous/hidden thought) can be withholden from thee. Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not (referring to his rebellion); things too wonderful for me, which I knew not (He didn’t know that he had caused this and God had helped him.  He was grateful). Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me. I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee.  Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.” (Job 42:1-6) Job humbles himself, finally understanding why God allowed this, to help him break free from the internal turmoil of the fear. 

James speaks of this, “Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.” (James 5:11)


12. What was the outcome of this for Job - in other words, what would Job do differently moving forward? 

Instead of letting his fears of consequences (thoughts) dictate his words and actions he would consciously cast it upon the Lord and live for Him.  “Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God (depend on God), that he may exalt you in due time: Casting all your care upon him (all thoughts of fear reveal it to God, surrender it to Him); for he careth for you. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:” (1 Pet 5:6-8) Be aware that Satan uses fear to have access.