Revision Oct 2021




“Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. Whoever abides in Him does not sin. Whoever sins has neither seen Him nor known Him” (1 Joh 3:4-6). “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.  For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.  Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven” (Matt. 5:17-19).  “That servant who knew his master's will, and did not prepare himself or do according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes…” (Luk 12:47-48).



No, I am not SDA, neither am I a Jew nor a Messianic Jew, nor do I belong to any denomination, nor am I the Sabbath police.  I do however lead a group of people to imitate Yeshua in righteousness and power to win the lost and equip the saints.  Of course there has been lots of persecution on this topic and others over the years.  Whether it has been that the law of God is good, or healing is available today, or God is not ruling the world but the freewill He has given…  regardless, we will all stand before the judgement seat of God and give an account. 


The laws of God are really elementary and are only easy with Holy Spirit’s help.  We need to teach people to love themselves by taking care of the temple – eating what God says to eat, abstaining from demonic things (incl. tattoos) and keeping the Sabbath.  As one of the commandments is love your neighbour as yourself. 



All the promises in Yeshua are yes and amen because we have been grafted into Israel (2 Cor 1:20; Rom 11:17-19), but we appropriate the blessings by the things we do (Luk 6:38; Eph. 6:2-3) or don’t do (Gal 6:7).


Here are my top 10 reasons.


  1. God made the Sabbath and sanctified it BEFORE sin entered (Gen 2:2), how much more do we need to enter His rest now (Heb 4:4-5)?
  2. God KEPT IT (Gen 2:2) and He is inside me, how much more should I keep it (Exo 20:11; Eph 5:1)?
  3. It was kept BEFORE the Ten commandments were given (Exo 16:28-30) as they didn’t need the temple or priests to keep it.
  4. God AFFIRMED IT WITH AN AUDIBLE VOICE (Exo 20).  It was one of the few actual audible words where God spoke to a mass of people, therefore it is very important and something to live by (Matt. 4:4)! Taking heed is a wise thing to do.
  5. It is 4th in the 10 COMMANDMENTS (Exo 20:11), greater than coveting which is the tenth (Exo. 20:17; 1 Cor 6:10). 
  6. The Temple, the priests and the sacrifices have been done away with as these only covered sin (dealt with sin), but not keeping the Sabbath IS still SIN (1 Joh 3:4; Exo 20:11; Mat 7:23).  The level of importance of the sin is determined by the level of consequences (Num. 15:31-33), it is greater than not tithing!
  7. We should imitate Yeshua (1 Cor 11:1). Yeshua and His disciples KEPT IT (Luk 4:6, 31; 23:54-56) but didn’t keep it like the Pharisees, whose actions were based on the Oral law (Talmud) and not the Scriptures (Luk 13:10-16). 
  8. Yeshua said we are to do GOOD on the Sabbath (Mat 12:12) and that He is the Lord of this day proving that it is still in effect (Mat 12:8). How can He be Lord over something that doesn’t exist?
  9. Yeshua told us to teach believers to observe all things that He commanded (Mat 28:20) – here is one of them. Yeshua said the Sabbath was MADE FOR MANKIND, it was not limited to only Israel (Mar 2:27-28).  He reiterated that we must not think that He has done away with it (Mat 5:17-18; Eze 11:19-21) and that those who teach others against it will be called least in the Kingdom of God (Mat 5:19).
  10. During the MILLENNIUM reign, when Yeshua reigns we will be keeping the Sabbath (Isa 66:23). If Christ is reigning in our hearts, shouldn’t we be keeping it now too?





Hypothetically, if we were in a church in Galatia, where Paul only came once every few years and we didn’t have the New Scriptures but only the Old Scriptures (per the New Testament church 2 Tim 3:16) – what would our conclusion be?  One of the biggest obstacles in understanding and living scripture is the splitting of the Bible into two AND naming them the Old and New Testament. 


  1. Old covenant has been done away with, this includes the Sabbath?



  1. Col. 2:14-16 “having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it. So let no one judge you in food (meat) or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths…” Therefore, Sabbaths are done away with.




  1. Gal. 4:8-10 “However, in the past, when you did not know God, you were slaves to things that are not really gods at all. But now that you know God, or rather have been known by God, how can you turn back again to those powerless and bankrupt basic principles? Why do you want to become their slaves all over again? You are observing days, months, seasons, and years”.





  1. 1 Cor. 16:2 “On the first day of the week (Sunday) let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be no collections when I come.” Act 20:7-8 “Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight.”



  1. Rom. 14:5-6 “One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind. He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it.….”
    • Quick Answer: This has nothing to do with the Sabbath, but it refers to things not identified in scripture (‘doubtful things’ v.1), specifically fasting, as how and when to do it is not specified.



For a verse by verse commentary of Romans 14, see below.



  1. Heb. 4:1-14, “Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. 3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, as I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, and God did rest the seventh day from all his works. 5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. 6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: 7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. 8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. 9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. 10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.”






  1. What does the word Sabbath mean?

It means “to cease, rest”.


  1. Is the Sabbath affirmed in the NT?

Yes, Yeshua taught that it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath (Mat 12:12).


  1. Is the Sabbath Bondage?

God forbid, it is delightful to do what God told us to do (1 Joh 5:3).


  1. Is not keeping the Sabbath sin?

Yes, sin is going against or ignoring God’s law (1 Joh 3:3-4).Not all sin is the same and thus the consequences are different.The weight of the sin can be measured by the consequences e.g. if someone didn’t keep the Sabbath they were killed (Num 15:32-36).


  1. If Sabbath is so important why isn’t it mentioned more times in the NT?

It is a basic expectation.Yeshua quoted the last 6 commandments not the first 4 because the first 4 are basic expectations. Just like God doesn’t have to tell us more times in the NT books not to make idols, or to have sex with animals, or marry your father/mother, or cut oneself….these are basic expectations based on the law of God.


  1. Is there anywhere where it says that the “Sabbath is done away with”?

Only two scriptures are quoted – Colossians 2 and Galatians 4.This is in reference to Sabbaths related to Festivals, not the 7th Day Sabbath.


  1. Was it changed to Sunday in the New Testament?

Neither God the Father, Yeshua the Messiah nor the apostles ever teach or command that the first day of the week was to be kept as the Sabbath! 


  1. When does the Sabbath start?

Sunset to Sunset (Gen 1:8; Neh 13:19; Lev 23:32).


  1. What day is the Sabbath in the Commandments?

Day 7 (Exo 11; Gen 2:1).


  1. Is the correct day important?  Did God choose the day or did He give us the right to choose the day?

Yes, it is important. God said it audibly, He wrote it down in the 10 commandments and affirmed it many times.It is not a day we choose, but He chose and sanctified the 7th day (Gen 2:2-3).He expects us to obey Him and not do what is right in our own eyes (Isa 56:2, 6-7; 58:13-14; Mar 2:27-28).


  1. What is the Lord’s Day Rev 1:10?

Regardless of the interpretation, it doesn’t change the Sabbath day. But to answer the question: Some say this is a Sunday (day of resurrection), others say it is the Lord’s Supper Day (Wednesday) as the only other place this Greek word “Lord’s” is in 1 Cor 11 in reference to the Lord’s supper. The Lord’s Day is the Sabbath as the only place in scripture that the Lord Himself indicates that there is a specific day that belongs to Him, is Isaiah 58:13-14; the Disciples would have known it: “MY Holy Day” in reference to the 7th Day Sabbath not the Festival Sabbaths (Isa 58:13-14), and Yeshua affirming by saying that He is ''Lord'' of the Sabbath, i.e. Lord of that Day, Lord’s Day (Mat 12:8).



  1. How do we know the Sabbath starts with the civil Friday sunset?  Is it the same as the time of Moses?

The Julian calendar was instituted in 45AD and the Gregorian calendar which began in the 1500’s never changed the 7th Day, they only changed the months.  Here is some more evidence dating back to the first centuries of the 7th Day 1) Every Jewish group celebrated Sabbath from Friday sunset to Saturday sunset for centuries. This dates back to before the time of Yeshua.  2) We know from history that the Catholic Church instituted that the 1st Day of the week (Sunday) would be rest/day following the 7th Day (4th Century AD).  3) Many ancient and modern languages refer to the seventh day of the week as “Sabbath” or its equivalent. The name of Saturday in 24 languages has its very root word as Sabbath, many languages predate English.



  1. Do we get blessings from God because we keep the Sabbath and what are they? 

Yes, God said so (Gen 2:3; Is 58:14).We are not to confuse being blessed with blessings - Blessed is a state of position and blessings is receipt of favour.We are already blessed because of Christ, however we appropriate the blessings by the things we do.It is called obedience (1 Joh 5:3). Even though Yeshua is the Healer, we appropriate the healing by the action of laying on of hands or speaking life (Mar 16:18). Another is by honoring our parents, the blessing is long life (Eph 6:2). Another, give and it will be given (Luk 6:38).


Similarly, just because Yeshua is our rest we must still appropriate physical rest on the day He chose for us to rest. Is. 58:14, “Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord (Gratefulness); and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth (Favour), and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father (Food from the land and given specific land Gen 35:12): for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.” Are we not grafted into Israel (Rom 11:17) and now brought into the common wealth of Israel (Eph 2:12).The Sabbath enables us to know Him as He said (Eze 20:20), “..hallow My Sabbaths, and they will be a sign between Me and you, that you may know that I am the YHWH your God.  Keep the Sabbath also keeps us away from Idolatry as He said (Eze 20:16), “but profaned My Sabbaths; for their heart went after their idols.”


Side comment “Is our father Jacob?” Oh yes, in Christ he is – Just like Abraham so is Jacob.  God is the God of Abraham, of Isaac and Jacob. “..that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel (Jacob) and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Yeshua you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ” (Eph 2:12-13).


  1. Did Yeshua speak against the Sabbath?

Yeshua rebuked the Pharisees because of how they kept the Sabbath, but Yeshua didn’t rebuke them for keeping it (Joh 5:9-10, 16). Said another way, per John 5. Yeshua’s Father “works unto now” (on the Sabbath) – this is good work, helping people, giving them life, giving them rest, working to rest - this is acceptable work on the Sabbath. Yeshua healed the man (this gave him rest) and told the man to pick up his mat and walk (he wasn’t to lose his possession) – good works. The work that uses people for financial gain, for meeting one’s own desires and is not kingdom focused, work that stops people praising God, this is unacceptable on the Sabbath.



  1. What about the Pharisees rebuking Yeshua?

They rebuked Yeshua about a lot of things because they didn’t understand the scripture. Yeshua told us to keep His commandments (Joh 14:15; Mat 28:20).  One of His commandments was to listen to those in Moses’ seat (Mat 23:1) and to do good on the Sabbath (Mat 12:12; Mar 3:4; Luk 4:16; 13:14-16). Therefore, we are to acknowledge the Sabbath Day.  Yeshua also kept the Sabbath according to how it was intended, not as the Pharisees kept it as per their Talmud/Oral Law e.g. 1,000 paces on the Sabbath, no healing on the Sabbath, etc... This is not per the scripture. Yeshua was always against Tradition and Commandments of Men when it contradicted the word of God (Mat 15:6).


  1. What about Yeshua’s disciples plucking grain on the Sabbath?

It was acceptable to pluck grain (Deu 23:25) and there is no direct law against it on the Sabbath, except in the Rabbinic law (not in the scripture).  However, Yeshua still answers them and says “the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are blameless” they make sacrifices, circumcise … and are blameless. Why? Because they are doing God’s work they don’t profane it.  It is not like the priests can do what they want to do on the Sabbath. Yeshua is the one with the disciples (Yeshua is leading them), they are doing Kingdom work and needing nourishment. 













No proof that he did or he didn’t but the scripture does say in Gen 26:5 when God spoke to Isaac … because Abraham obeyed My voice and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws."  What were they?  These were those that were passed down through the centuries.  Did you know that Shem (Noah’s Son) was around when Abraham was alive and much of what Noah preached he passed on to his children.































The objective of the Sabbath is less about what not to do but more about what to do.  It is a conscious choice to set things aside in order to spend time with God.  Yeshua used the Sabbath to preach, teach and extend the blessings of God to release people from sin.  Hence, the Sabbath day is a day of redemption and salvation – a day of blessing! The Jews did not understand that spiritual work such as healing, helping the poor and destitute on the Sabbath day, glorifies God!  


In summary it is making a conscious choice to honour the Lord on this day, call the Sabbath a delight, honorable and holy, talk about Him and His words, set people free, remove the burdens, do good, do not exploit anyone, do not focus on the fleshly desires, don’t make anyone work for exploitation or fleshly desires (Exo 31:13-15; Lev 23:3, 8; 20:8-11; Deu 5:14; Jer 17:21-26; Isa 58:13-14; Mat 12:12).


Does the Sabbath abolish all work? 

Absolutely not, Yeshua said my Father works unto now.  But it is a different TYPE of work, it is “work” to rest in Him – it takes work to enter His rest.  Abstaining isn’t easy.  As Heb 4:11, “Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief”.  In Yeshua’s days on earth, if a person came into someone's house they would give them water or food or help wipe their feet, in order to help them, not to exploit them.  Yeshua said that they can even take their cattle to drink water and feed them.  Or if they fall into a ditch, they are helped out.  Notice it is to help, not to exploit, or feed their flesh like entertainment or self-promotion. 

Said another way, per Joh 5.  Yeshua’s Father works unto now – this is good work, helping people, giving them life - this is acceptable on the Sabbath.  Yeshua healed the man (good – able to live life more effectively) and told the man to pick up his mat and go (it was good – he would hold onto his possession and not lose it).  The work that uses people for financial gain, or focusing on meeting one’s desires that are not necessities, or work that leads one away from praising God, this is unacceptable on the Sabbath.

So what should we do on the Sabbath?

This is a side note – the book of Jubilee (not a canonized part of the Bible, but is a book that predates the Dead Sea Scrolls), has interesting similarities: BOOK OF JUBILEE 2:19-33, “And He said to us: 'Behold, I will separate unto Myself a people from among all the peoples, and these shall keep the Sabbath day, and I will sanctify them unto Myself as My people, and will bless them; as I have sanctified the Sabbath day and do sanctify it unto Myself, even so will I bless them, and they shall be My people and I will be their Sovereign Ruler. And I have chosen the seed of Jacob from amongst all that I have seen, and have written him down as My first-born son, and have sanctified him unto Myself forever and ever; and I will teach them the Sabbath day, that they may keep the Sabbath thereon from all work.' And thus He created therein a sign in accordance with which they should keep the Sabbath with us on the seventh day, to eat and to drink, and to bless Him who has created all things as He has blessed and sanctified unto Himself a peculiar people above all peoples, and that they should keep the Sabbath together with us. And He caused His commands to ascend as a sweet savoir acceptable before Him all the days. There two and twenty heads of mankind from Adam to Jacob, and two and twenty kinds of work were made until the seventh day; this is blessed and holy; and the former also is blessed and holy; and this one serves with that one for sanctification and blessing. And to this it was granted that they should always be the blessed and holy ones of the first testimony and Torah, even as He had sanctified and blessed the Sabbath day on the seventh day. He created heaven and earth and everything that He created in six days, and YHWH made the seventh day holy, for all His works; therefore He commanded on its behalf that, whoever does any work thereon shall die, and that he who defiles it shall surely die. Wherefore do you command the children of Israel to observe this day that they may keep it holy and not do thereon any work, and not to defile it, as it is more holy than all other days. And whoever profanes it shall surely die, and whoever does thereon any work shall surely die eternally, that the children of Israel may observe this day throughout their generations, and not be rooted out of the land; for it is a holy day and a blessed day. And every one who observes it and keeps the Sabbath thereon from all his work, will be holy and blessed throughout all days like unto us.


Declare and say to the children of Israel, the Torah of this day both that they should keep the Sabbath thereon, and that they should not forsake it in the error of their hearts; that it is not lawful to do any work thereon which is unseemly, to do thereon their own pleasure, and that they should not prepare thereon anything to be eaten or drunk, and to draw water, or bring in or take out thereon through their gates any burden, which they had not prepared for themselves on the sixth day in their dwellings. And they shall not bring in nor take out from house to house on that day; for that day is more holy and blessed than any jubilee day of the jubilees; on this we kept the Sabbath in the heavens before it was made known to any flesh to keep the Sabbath thereon on the earth. And the Creator of all things blessed it, but he did not sanctify all peoples and nations to keep the Sabbath thereon, but Israel alone: them alone he permitted to eat and drink and to keep the Sabbath thereon on the earth. And the Creator of all things blessed this day which He had created for blessing and making it holy and splendid above all days. This Torah and testimony was given to the children of Israel as a Torah forever unto their generations.


BOOK OF JUBILEE 50:6-13, And behold the commandment regarding the Sabbaths -I have written them down for you- and all the judgments of its laws. Six days shall you labour, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath of YHWH your Sovereign Ruler. In it you shall do no manner of work, you and your sons, and your men- servants and your maid-servants, and all your cattle and the sojourner also who is with you. And the man that does any work on it shall die: whoever desecrates that day, whoever lies with wife, or whoever says he will do something on it, that he will set out on a journey thereon in regard to any buying or selling: and whoever draws water thereon which he had not prepared for himself on the sixth day, and whoever takes up any burden to carry it out of his tent or out of his house shall die. You shall do no work whatever on the Sabbath day save what you have prepared for yourselves on the sixth day, so as to eat, and drink, and rest, and keep Sabbath from all work on that day, and to bless YHWH your Sovereign Ruler, who has given you a day of festival and a Holy day: and a day of the Holy kingdom for all Israel is this day among their days forever. For great is the honor which YHWH has given to Israel that they should eat and drink and be satisfied on this festival day, and rest thereon from all labour which belongs to the labour of the children of men save burning frankincense and bringing oblations and sacrifices before YHWH for days and for Sabbaths. This work alone shall be done on the Sabbath-days in the sanctuary of YHWH your Sovereign Ruler; that they may atone for Israel with sacrifice continually from day to day for a memorial well-pleasing before YHWH, and that He may receive them always from day to day according as you have been commanded. And every man who does any work thereon, or goes a journey, or tills farm, whether in his house or any other place, and whoever lights a fire, or rides on any beast, or travels by ship on the sea, and whoever strikes or kills anything, or slaughters a beast or a bird, or whoever catches an animal or a bird or a fish, or whoever fasts or makes war on the Sabbaths: The man who does any of these things on the Sabbath shall die, so that the children of Israel shall observe the Sabbaths according to the commandments regarding the Sabbaths of the land, as it is written in the tablets, which He gave into my hands that I should write out for you the laws of the seasons, and the seasons according to the division of their days. Herewith is completed the account of the division of the days.


(Fyi – fasting on the Sabbath if it is more than a one day fast like Yeshua, Moses or Daniel who fasted over the Sabbath.  Afflicting one’s soul in Leviticus 16:29-31 is in reference to humbling one self, some have made this to mean fasting).


Some questions about keeping the Sabbath?


  1. Can I switch the lights on in the home because: 1) it is making someone work at the power plant and 2) it is making a fire on the day?

 1) You are not directly making someone work as most power to the house is automated without someone directly working on getting the power to your house.  If someone is working specifically for you and you have authority over them then tell them to stop.  2) You are not “making” a fire.  Making a fire requires work – kindling, trying to get a spark, collecting sticks, having a focus on getting the fire going. Having power or having the light on is not kindling.


  1. Can we cook or bake or boil on the Sabbath?

No, per Exo 16:23 & 29 “And he said unto them, “This is that which the Lord hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning…. See, for that the Lord hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.”” 

What about Exo 12:16? It is ok to make food e.g. sandwiches but no cooking/baking/frying/boiling.  Is this because of kindling fire (Exo 35:3)? Could be, however regardless, God tells them to bake and seethe on the 6th day for a reason (Exo 16:23) and then confirms that the baking of bread is on the 6th day for 2 days (Exo 16:29).  This means that on the Sabbath one can eat the bread that was made from the day before, and one should not bake on the Sabbath. 



  1. Can you go out on the Sabbath?

Yes, but what about "abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day" (Exo 16:29)? If one thinks “his place” is “his tent”, then how can they give their animals food or drink.  If one thinks “his place” is “his property”, know that the Israelites didn’t have property in the wilderness and some left their dwelling to go to the Tabernacle on the Sabbath.  So what is “his dwelling” – “where-ever he is residing”.  They were allowed to leave when they were doing the work of God (Priests and Levites) or when they wanted to get something from God or know God better (Israelites going to the Tabernacle).  Remember this is God’s day.  Yeshua said that it is good to do good on the Sabbath.  What is good but to do what God wants and does, not what the flesh wants to do on the Sabbath (Isa 58:13). We stay in our dwelling (whether on vacation or in a house or where-ever) on the Sabbath focusing on the Lord. But when we go out it should be either to help someone in need (Yeshua, Disciples & Paul’s examples) or for the purpose of getting to know Him better (Israel and early Gentile believers going to the synagogue on the Sabbath). 


  1. Can we go out to eat, people are working anyway?

No. By going out to eat, you are directly making them work for you (Neh 10:31).


  1. What happens if I need to work?

Know that God is your provider (Exo 34:21), just OBEY Him and arrange your work so that you can keep His command.  Obedience requires faith.  The Gentiles all seek such things, but seek first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness and all these things will be added to you (Mat 6:33). If you absolutely have to work for some reason (firefighter or doctor – you are doing good to save people) then let it be a for free, a love gift, or give your money that you made that day to the poor (keep none of it for yourself).






Romans 14 verse by verse commentary – You will notice that nothing about the Sabbath is mentioned, nothing about the Lord’s Day, but everything about “doubtful things” – things not called out specifically in the scripture. Paul is writing to those who already know the law of God (Rom 7:1).


Romans 14


(Rom 14:1) Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things.

Paul told Timothy that all scripture (OT) was used for correction, reproof (2 Tim 3:16).  But if it is not in there how can they judge? Therefore, do not dispute over doubtful things, like which day or how many days to fast or IF the food in the market place has been sacrificed to idols and you don’t know about it.

(Rom 14:2) For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables.

(Rom 14:3) Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge him who eats; for God has received him.

(Rom 14:4) Who are you to judge another's servant? To his own master he stands or falls. Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand.

Notice he is comparing meat to vegetables as people typically sacrificed meat to idols vs. vegetables and sold it in the market place.  So they don’t know if all the meat was sacrificed or some.  "They are unsure" (doubtful things) so they ate only vegetables.  If they knew, then they shouldn’t eat it (Rev 2:20; Act 15:29).  Now that they were unsure if the meat was sacrificed to idols, then they can eat it based on 2 conditions (1 Tim 4:3-5): The WORD OF GOD (Lev 11 – God clearly says what meat can be eaten e.g. lamb, beef not pork or shell fish etc. and if one is uncertain as to whether it has been offered to idols) and PRAYER (1 Tim 4:5 – blessing, thanksgiving).  But if the person wants to fast meat but only eats vegetables. 

(Rom 14:5) One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.

(Rom 14:6) He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. He who eats, eats to the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he who does not eat, to the Lord he does not eat, and gives God thanks.

(Rom 14:7) For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself.

(Rom 14:8) For if we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. Therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Lord's.

(Rom 14:9)  For to this end Christ died and rose and lived again, that He might be Lord of both the dead and the living.

Paul continues talking about doubtful things like abstaining from food and choosing a day to do that – fasting.  The day “a person” esteems more than the other like fasting, not a day God esteemed above another like the Sabbath.  If it is a day we esteem – it is between God and us. 


Also please note, we are either to esteem one day or all days.  But not all days are to be alike.  “Alike” is not in the original.  I esteem the Sabbath because He esteemed it, I esteem Monday as a fast day, Wednesday as a Bible Study day, etc.  They are set aside for a specific Kingdom purpose. 

(Rom 14:10) But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you show contempt for your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.


(Rom 14:12) So then each of us shall give account of himself to God.

This seems like a contradiction with 1 Cor 6:2 where Paul says "Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life? If then you have judgments concerning things pertaining to this life, do you appoint those who are least esteemed by the church to judge?" (1 Cor 6:2-4).  Paul is saying do not judge over doubtful things (not in the scripture 1 Cor. 5:1-5; 6:2-4; 2 Tim 3:16) but judge with righteous judgment (things not doubtful).  And when you do, measure yourself before you judge another, for the same measure you use it will be measured back to you (e.g. Rom 2:12; Matt 7:1-2; 1 Cor 11:31). As we are all going to give an account.  This is something we are to remember. 

(Rom 14:13) Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather resolve this, not to put a stumbling block or a cause to fall in our brother's way.

Do not judge another over “doubtful things” thereby putting a stumbling block or cause for our brother to fall.  They may be offended because of this doubtful judgement which is based on nothing!  And this offense is worse than the actual deed they might have done which you will be accountable for! 

(Rom 14:14) I know and am convinced by the Lord Yeshua that there is nothing unclean of itself; but to him who considers anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.

(Rom 14:15) But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died. 

(Rom 14:16) Therefore do not let your good be spoken of as evil;

Is Paul really saying “nothing” is unclean and thereby contradicting the early Church Act 15:29 and what Yeshua said to the Church (Rev 2:14,20)? Or is Paul saying there is nothing that is unclean of ITSELF - by the original design made by God, for an intended purpose nothing is unclean.  For example, by the Lord Yeshua we would not be eating blood, eating an animal that was strangled, eating anything offered to idols knowingly (Act 15:29). However, when it is doubtful (not sure if it was sacrificed to idols) then don’t grieve our brother by judging him for eating it, or if he is offended don’t eat it so that he doesn’t judge all your good work as evil. 

(Rom 14:17) for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.

(Rom 14:18) For he who serves Christ in these things is acceptable to God and approved by men.

(Rom 14:19) Therefore let us pursue the things which make for peace and the things by which one may edify another.

The Kingdom of God is spiritual so it is obviously not eating and drinking!  He is not saying you can eat everything you want thereby negating the Church Leaders & Yeshua’s words “do not eat things offered to idols” (Act 15:29; Rev 2:14,20). He is saying focus on righteous living, peace and joy IN AND ONLY IN THE Holy Spirit.  Holy Spirit will help you, and help all things fall into place.  Don’t put the cart before the horse. We will pursue love and peace and building one another up. Sometimes love and edifying includes expelling a person like Paul did in 1 Cor 5:1-5.  Because the focus is the saving of the soul. 

(Rom 14:20) Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are pure, but it is evil for the man who eats with offense.

(Rom 14:21) It is good neither to eat meat nor drink wine nor do anything by which your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak.

(Rom 14:22) Do you have faith? Have it to yourself before God. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves.

(Rom 14:23) But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat from faith; for whatever is not from faith is sin.

Paul summarizes doubtful things: If you don’t know if it is sacrificed to idols and it meets God’s standards for food then eat it, thanking Him.  If someone will be offended by you, then don’t eat it or drink it. For example; some people believe that no one should drink wine and some people believe they can.  This is doubtful, there isn’t a scripture forbidding to drink wine, but the opposite is given in certain situations.  Yeshua turned water into wine, He drank wine, the Lord’s supper had wine, Communion is wine, Paul told Timothy to take a little wine for his stomach’s sake.  But if someone shouldn’t drink wine because it can make them stumble – as they were previously an alcoholic, then don’t drink it in front of them or put it around them, thereby making them stumble.  This is not love.  Also don’t tell someone not to drink wine when the law of God doesn’t forbid it.  This concludes Paul’s message on doubtful things and how to judge within it.






Verse by verse commentary – You will see that no-where in the scripture does the writer remove the Sabbath or indicate that the day was replaced by Yeshua.  You will also notice that the Israelites had every day to be in His rest (just like we are in Yeshua) and they were still told to keep the Sabbath. They refused due to unbelief, like many refuse today.  You will also notice that the writer affirms the Sabbath. He who has ears to hear, hear.



(Heb 4:1) Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.

Therefore, fear God because you can come short of entering His rest.  It isn’t a done deal.  Fear results in an action.  But what action is required? To believe and do what He says.

(Heb 4:2) For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.

“Unto us” – In Heb 3, the good news was preached to the Israelites.  What good news? The Good News of the reconciliation between man and God because of the Messiah. 

(Heb 4:3) For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.

“Those who believed” is past tense and "do enter" is a present tense.  They would enter into rest after they believe.  Those Israelites who did not believe, didn’t enter His rest.  Like Faith without works is dead so works without faith dead.  Faith is the starting point and the works will result from this. 

(Heb 4:4) For he spake in a certain of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.

(Heb 4:5) And in this again, If they shall enter into my rest.

(Heb 4:6) Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:

This is in context with the Sabbath, entering it and their refusal.

God spoke of the 7th Day (Sabbath) for people to rest in, He sanctified it and blessed it.  He also gave the example by resting in it Himself (Gen 2:1-2) and in this again, they shall enter into my rest.  But they didn’t! They refused!

When He shared this with the Israelites after Egypt (Heb 3; Exo 16; Lev 26:35) – they didn’t obey!  Because of disobedience/ unbelief/ rebellion against God they rejected His Word regarding the Sabbath and did not enter His rest.  Also, some Christians don’t enter because of their unbelief.

(Heb 4:7) Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.

He gives another example.  A specific day, "Today" meaning "now" (Psa 95:7) do not harden the heart.  In other words, listen so that they obey they enter His rest.

(Heb 4:8) For if Joshua had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.

Joshua said that once they take possession (action of taking the land with force) as the Lord promised them THEN they will have rest (Jos 1:15; 22:4).  After they fought Yahweh gave them rest (Jos 23:1).  But they didn’t have rest because of their disobedience.  A side note: “Jesus” can also be translated “Joshua” – they are the same name. 

(Heb 4:9) There remaineth therefore rest to the people of God.

Therefore there remains a rest for the people of God.  There is a provision made for these people to rest.  Some versions have the word “rest” but the accurate translation from the Greek for this Greek word is different from the others – it means “Keeping of Sabbath”.  There remains keeping of Sabbath for the people of God. 

(Heb 4:10) For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.

(Heb 4:11) Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

Those who have entered into His rest, have stopped their own works like God did from His.  Therefore let us (believers) LABOUR (work) to enter into that rest by being obedient to Him until we die.  The starting point of all obedience is the believing Him.  Like the examples earlier of unbelief where they fell. 

(Heb 4:12) For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Word of God that we hear and obey delivers results and reveals the heart of disobedience or obedience.  You will know them by their fruit.  The starting point of every action is a thought, every thought is a belief, and every belief hinges on the authority we put above ourselves. 

(Heb 4:13) Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

All things are transparent before him as the word of God penetrates every area of life.  He knows if we are working to enter the rest He provided or not.

(Heb 4:14) Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Yeshua the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

Let us hold onto what our High Priest, Yeshua Christ did and said, He is our example e.g. Mat 23:1-3; Mat 5:17-48; 7:21-25.  He didn’t discount the Sabbath but kept it like it is supposed to have been kept.  Doing good on the Sabbath and setting people free on the Sabbath is GOOD.  Sabbath was made for mankind – to benefit mankind (Mar 2:27).

(Heb 4:15) For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

(Heb 4:16) Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace,  that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

For Yeshua also knows our weakness because He too experienced them and is the perfect example to follow and the One we run to for help in our weaknesses.