Revision JUNE 2024




“Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. Whoever abides in Him does not sin. Whoever sins has neither seen Him nor known Him” (1 Joh 3:4-6). “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.  For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.  Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven” (Matt. 5:17-19).  “That servant who knew his master's will, and did not prepare himself or do according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes…” (Luk 12:47-48).



No, I am not SDA, neither am I a Jew nor a Messianic Jew, nor do I belong to any denomination, nor am I the Sabbath police.  I do however lead a group of people to imitate Yeshua in righteousness and power to win the lost and equip the saints.  Of course there has been lots of persecution on this topic and others over the years.  Whether it has been that the law of God is good, or healing is available today, or God is not ruling the world but the freewill He has given…  regardless, we will all stand before the judgement seat of God and give an account. 


The laws of God are really elementary and are only easy with Holy Spirit’s help.  We need to teach people to love themselves by taking care of the temple – eating what God says to eat, abstaining from demonic things (incl. tattoos) and keeping the Sabbath.  As one of the commandments is love your neighbour as yourself. 



AUDIO for this Section

All the promises in Yeshua are yes and amen because we have been grafted into Israel (2 Cor 1:20; Rom 11:17-19), but we appropriate the blessings by the things we do (Luk 6:38; Eph. 6:2-3) or don’t do (Gal 6:7).


Here are my top 10 reasons.


  1. God sanctified the Sabbath before Adam and Eve sinned (Genesis 2:2), setting it apart for humanity's benefit.
  2. God Himself observed the Sabbath (Genesis 2:2), demonstrating its importance even for Him (Exodus 20:11; Ephesians 5:1), akin to Jesus' baptism as an example.
  3. Before the formal giving of the Ten Commandments, Israelites were instructed to keep the Sabbath (Exodus 16:28-30), independent of temple or priests as with sacrifices or festivals.
  4. At Sinai, God audibly delivered the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20), a rare occurrence of direct divine communication.
  5. Commandments are ranked by importance, with the Sabbath fourth (Exodus 20:11), surpassing coveting (Exodus 20:17; 1 Corinthians 6:10) in consequence (Numbers 15:31-33)—greater than neglecting tithing.
  6. Neglecting the Sabbath remains sinful (1 John 3:4; Exodus 20:11; Matthew 7:23); those defying God's commands are least in His Kingdom (Matthew 5:19). Paul prioritized keeping God's commandments (1 Corinthians 7:19).
  7. Jesus and His disciples upheld the Sabbath (Luke 4:6, 31; 23:54-56), contrasting with Pharisaic legalism (Luke 13:10-16). Jesus, sinless, did not violate the Sabbath; we should imitate Him (1 Corinthians 11:1).
  8. Jesus proclaimed Himself Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:8), encouraging good deeds on that day (Matthew 12:12).
  9. Jesus commanded teaching all His commands, including the Sabbath, for all people, not just Israel (Mark 2:27-28; Matthew 28:20).
  10. Early Christians observed the Sabbath, preceding it with a preparation day (Didache 8:2), consistent with Mark 15:42.

Why we are to keep the Sabbath













AUDIO for this Section

Old covenant has been done away with, this includes the Sabbath?



  1. Col. 2:14-16 “having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it. So let no one judge you in food (meat) or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths…” Therefore, Sabbaths are done away with.


Answer: The entire context refers to Yeshua "having forgiven you all trespasses" (Colossians 2:13), indicating no need for animal sacrifices and festivals to cover sin. "First meat and drink" — notice it says "meat and drink," not just food. In the Old Testament, "meat and drink" refers to meat and drink offerings about 90% of the time (Ezekiel 45:17). "Meat and drink" does not refer to regular food but to offerings. Every sacrifice requires wine poured on it, hence "meat and drink." It has nothing to do with actual food for eating.


So, what is the conclusion? In Hebrews 9:8-11, the writer says that the Tabernacle, "...was symbolic for the present time in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make him who performed the service perfect in regard to the conscience— concerned only with meats and drinks, various washings, and fleshly ordinances imposed until the time of reformation..." (Hebrews 9:9-10). Notice it mentions "meats and drinks" in reference to festivals and sacrifices.


Additionally, festivals had sabbaths associated with them, instituted at the time of Moses. For example, the annual Sabbath festival of Unleavened Bread is referenced in John 19:31. Notice it calls this Festival Day a Sabbath — a High Day. Colossians 2 is not referring to the seventh day preceding the festivals given by the Mosaic law (Genesis 2).



2. Gal. 4:8-10 “However, in the past, when you did not know God, you were slaves to things that are not really gods at all. But now that you know God, or rather have been known by God, how can you turn back again to those powerless and bankrupt basic principles? Why do you want to become their slaves all over again? You are observing days, months, seasons, and years”.


Answer: Paul rebuked them for returning to their old ways of seeking purification instead of relying on the sacrifice of Christ. They were focused on observing Festival Sabbaths and other practices associated with the Temple (Hebrews 9). These Gentiles, not Jews, sought purification through their own works of ordinances, including observing specific days, months, and seasons as detailed in chapter 3. They failed to grasp that they had been perfected in Christ alone and were now empowered to walk in the Spirit rather than in the flesh (Galatians 5:19-21). The flesh is in opposition to the law of God (Romans 8:4-8). Importantly, this rebuke does not pertain to the seventh-day Sabbath, which the Lord set apart from the foundation of the world for the benefit of mankind (Mark 2:27).



3. 1 Cor. 16:2 “On the first day of the week (Sunday) let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be no collections when I come.” Act 20:7-8 “Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight.”


Answer: They collected funds on Sunday, the first day of the week (after the Sabbath day), or gathered together on one of the Sabbath evenings (the first evening of the Sabbaths—Friday evening). This practice wasn't a law but something they chose to do. It does not alter the term "Sabbath" or the day that God set aside as the Sabbath.


4. Rom. 14:5-6 “One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind. He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it.….”

Quick Answer: Notice a few things:

  1. There is no mention of the Sabbath in Romans 14 because it is unrelated to the Sabbath.
  2. It is a day esteemed by man, not a day esteemed by God above others. For example, the Lord said, “If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day” (Isa. 58:13). This is a day that God has esteemed, not man.
  3. Notice the mention of eating and not eating throughout these verses. What does this have to do with the Sabbath? To what would this refer?
  4. The first verse points out that Paul is referring to “doubtful things.” Doubtful things are those not defined in scripture, such as the Sabbath. So, what could this be referring to—a day esteemed by man above another? This refers to the division among the early church concerning which days to fast. It pertains to fasting. Some fasted on one day a week, thus esteeming one day above another, while others did not. Also, some people were fasting or abstaining from meat at certain times of the year. Paul is telling them that these are doubtful things because they are not clearly defined in scripture regarding which day to fast or not.
  5. The early church used to fast on Wednesday and Friday (Didache Ch. 8), “But let not your fasts be with the hypocrites, for they fast on the second and fifth day of the week. Rather, fast on the fourth day and the Preparation.” What day was the Preparation? Friday. What was the Preparation Day for? Preparation for the Sabbath. “And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath” (Mark 15:42).

Other than fasting, what are some days we can judge above another day for the Lord that are doubtful—not prescribed in scripture? Holidays, Birth of Christ, Resurrection, Sundays, Baptisms, etc. If someone observes these for the Lord or not, we are not to judge them. Group fasting days were popular in the early centuries; some mandated it.

5. Heb. 4:1-14, “Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. 3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, as I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, and God did rest the seventh day from all his works. 5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. 6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: 7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. 8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. 9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. 10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.”


Answer: The writer of Hebrews does not suggest that Christ replaced the Sabbath, just as being our bread does not replace physical bread. Instead, he critiques those who ignore God’s commands, paralleling Sabbath disobedience with broader disobedience to God. Hebrews 4:9 reaffirms the Sabbath, stating that a Sabbath rest still exists for God’s people. The chapter illustrates three examples where Israel failed to enter God’s rest due to unbelief: entering the promised land, observing the seventh day, and obeying God’s voice. These illustrate that Hebrews 4 is about entering God’s rest through faith in Christ, not about abolishing the Sabbath. In Exodus 33:13-16, God teaches the Israelites about abiding in His presence for rest, indicating that both continual communion with God and the Sabbath day are important. Yeshua, as the Lord of the Sabbath, did not abolish but established it for His people.


In Summary: there are all 7 NT verses people bring up in regards to the Sabbath (and super quick responses):

  1. Colossians 2:14-16: Focuses on festival Sabbaths, not the 7th day Sabbath.
  2. Romans 14:5-6: Discusses fasting and personal choices regarding days of observance.
  3. 1 Corinthians 16:2 & Acts 20:7-8: Mention collecting funds and gathering on the first day of the week. They gathered on other days too.
  4. Hebrews 4:1-14: Emphasizes obedience to God leading to entering His rest and Hebrews 4:9 reaffirms the Sabbath, stating that a Sabbath rest still exists for God’s people.
  5. Galatians 4:8-10: Highlights the erroneous efforts to purify through the works of the law, including observance of everything associated with the Temple.
  6. Revelation 1:10: The Lord’s Day is the Sabbath, specifically the 7th day of the week. The Lord Himself indicates that there is a specific day that belongs to Him, which the disciples understood as “My Holy Day,” referring to the 7th Day Sabbath (Isaiah 58:13-14). Yeshua also affirmed that He is the “Lord (Owner) of the Sabbath” (Matthew 12:8), thereby establishing it as His day, the Lord’s day.


Fyi – Yeshua never broke the Sabbath, He only negated the Jewish Tradition regarding the Sabbath like healing. Where the scripture says we are to do good on the Sabbath and healing is good. If Yeshua broke the Sabbath He would not have been sinless.



What does the word Sabbath mean?

It means “to cease, rest”.


Is the Sabbath affirmed in the NT?

Yes, Yeshua taught that it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath (Mat 12:12).


Is the Sabbath Bondage?

God forbid, it is delightful to do what God told us to do (1 Joh 5:3).


Is not keeping the Sabbath sin?

Yes, sin is going against or ignoring God’s law (1 Joh 3:3-4).Not all sin is the same and thus the consequences are different.The weight of the sin can be measured by the consequences e.g. if someone didn’t keep the Sabbath they were killed (Num 15:32-36).


If Sabbath is so important why isn’t it mentioned more times in the NT?

It is a basic expectation.Yeshua quoted the last 6 commandments not the first 4 because the first 4 are basic expectations. Just like God doesn’t have to tell us more times in the NT books not to make idols, or to have sex with animals, or marry your father/mother, or cut oneself….these are basic expectations based on the law of God.


Is there anywhere where it says that the “Sabbath is done away with”?

Only two scriptures are quoted – Colossians 2 and Galatians 4.This is in reference to Sabbaths related to Festivals, not the 7th Day Sabbath.


Was it changed to Sunday in the New Testament?


Neither God the Father, Yeshua the Messiah, nor the apostles ever taught or commanded that the first day of the week was to be kept as the 7th Day Sabbath, nor was it changed.



Any early church leaders reject the Sabbath?


Any early church leaders support the Sabbath?


When does the Sabbath start?

Sunset to Sunset, start of twilight (Gen 1:8; Neh 13:19; Lev 23:32).


What day is the Sabbath in the Commandments?

Day 7 (Exo 11; Gen 2:1).


Is the correct day important?  Did God choose the day or did He give us the right to choose the day?

Yes, it is important. God said it audibly, He wrote it down in the 10 commandments and affirmed it many times.It is not a day we choose, but He chose and sanctified the 7th day (Gen 2:2-3).He expects us to obey Him and not do what is right in our own eyes (Isa 56:2, 6-7; 58:13-14; Mar 2:27-28).


What is the Lord’s Day Rev 1:10?

The Lord’s Day is the Sabbath, specifically the 7th day of the week. The Lord Himself indicates that there is a specific day that belongs to Him, which the disciples understood as “My Holy Day,” referring to the 7th Day Sabbath (Isaiah 58:13-14). Yeshua also affirmed that He is the “Lord (Owner) of the Sabbath” (Matthew 12:8), thereby establishing it as His day, the Lord’s day.



How do we know the Sabbath starts with the civil Friday sunset?  Is it the same as the time of Moses?

The Julian calendar was instituted in 45AD and the Gregorian calendar which began in the 1500’s never changed the 7th Day, they only changed the months.  Here is some more evidence dating back to the first centuries of the 7th Day 1) Every Jewish group celebrated Sabbath from Friday sunset to Saturday sunset for centuries. This dates back to before the time of Yeshua.  2) We know from history that the Catholic Church instituted that the 1st Day of the week (Sunday) would be rest/day following the 7th Day (4th Century AD).  3) Many ancient and modern languages refer to the seventh day of the week as “Sabbath” or its equivalent. The name of Saturday in 24 languages has its very root word as Sabbath, many languages predate English.



Do we get blessings from God because we keep the Sabbath and what are they? 

Yes, God said so (Gen 2:3; Is 58:14).We are not to confuse being blessed with blessings - Blessed is a state of position and blessings is receipt of favour.We are already blessed because of Christ, however we appropriate the blessings by the things we do.It is called obedience (1 Joh 5:3). Even though Yeshua is the Healer, we appropriate the healing by the action of laying on of hands or speaking life (Mar 16:18). Another is by honoring our parents, the blessing is long life (Eph 6:2). Another, give and it will be given (Luk 6:38).


Similarly, just because Yeshua is our rest we must still appropriate physical rest on the day He chose for us to rest. Is. 58:14, “Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord (Gratefulness); and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth (Favour), and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father (Food from the land and given specific land Gen 35:12): for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.” Are we not grafted into Israel (Rom 11:17) and now brought into the common wealth of Israel (Eph 2:12).The Sabbath enables us to know Him as He said (Eze 20:20), “..hallow My Sabbaths, and they will be a sign between Me and you, that you may know that I am the YHWH your God.  Keep the Sabbath also keeps us away from Idolatry as He said (Eze 20:16), “but profaned My Sabbaths; for their heart went after their idols.”


Side comment “Is our father Jacob?” Oh yes, in Christ he is – Just like Abraham so is Jacob.  God is the God of Abraham, of Isaac and Jacob. “..that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel (Jacob) and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Yeshua you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ” (Eph 2:12-13).


Did Yeshua speak against the Sabbath?

Yeshua rebuked the Pharisees because of how they kept the Sabbath, but Yeshua didn’t rebuke them for keeping it (Joh 5:9-10, 16). Said another way, per John 5. Yeshua’s Father “works unto now” (on the Sabbath) – this is good work, helping people, giving them life, giving them rest, working to rest - this is acceptable work on the Sabbath. Yeshua healed the man (this gave him rest) and told the man to pick up his mat and walk (he wasn’t to lose his possession) – good works. The work that uses people for financial gain, for meeting one’s own desires and is not kingdom focused, work that stops people praising God, this is unacceptable on the Sabbath.


What about the Pharisees rebuking Yeshua?


They rebuked Yeshua about a lot of things because they didn’t understand the scripture. Yeshua told us to keep His commandments (Joh 14:15; Mat 28:20).  One of His commandments was to listen to those in Moses’ seat (Mat 23:1) and to do good on the Sabbath (Mat 12:12; Mar 3:4; Luk 4:16; 13:14-16). Therefore, we are to acknowledge the Sabbath Day.  Yeshua also kept the Sabbath according to how it was intended, not as the Pharisees kept it as per their Talmud/Oral Law e.g. 1,000 paces on the Sabbath, no healing on the Sabbath, etc... This is not per the scripture. Yeshua was always against Tradition and the Commandments of Men when it contradicted the word of God (Mat 15:6).



What about Yeshua’s disciples plucking grain on the Sabbath?

The action of gathering from the field is permitted (Deut. 23:25). However, the question pertains to doing it on the Sabbath, as one needs to gather and prepare the food beforehand (Exo. 16:5). This process includes cooking and boiling (Exo 16:27-28). Cutting and using hands to eat are acceptable on the Sabbath. The disciples had gathered food in their hands, which they should have done the day before; thus, technically, they were breaking the Sabbath. Yet, the Sabbath law also has an exception for the Priests of God, which Yeshua explains. Priests who were at home followed the Sabbath requirement, but the Priests working in the Temple broke it to fulfill a greater law and were therefore blameless. For example, they made sacrifices for the people, prepared showbread, and performed circumcisions. Similarly, His disciples were focused on the Kingdom of God, like the Priests.  In addition, when David was hungry, the High priest had the power to give the showbread to him, just as Yeshua (the High Priest) allowed His disciples to pluck the grains.  As He states He is the Lord of the Sabbath. 


What about “you cannot leave your house on the Sabbath”? Exo. 16:29 “See! For the Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.”

We know that Yeshua, other prophets, and people gathered on the Sabbath so is this a contradiction?No, this is in response to people gathering manna. They were not to gather manna on the Sabbath, they needed to trust in God.If the left their house, it would be an indication that they were searching and gathering anna and not trusting God (Exo. 16:23-32).





AUDIO for this section








No proof that he did or he didn’t but the scripture does say in Gen 26:5 when God spoke to Isaac … because Abraham obeyed My voice and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws."  What were they?  These were those that were passed down through the centuries.  Did you know that Shem (Noah’s Son) was around when Abraham was alive and much of what Noah preached he passed on to his children.































How should one keep the Sabbath according to the scripture and enjoy this blessing of the Lord (Gen. 2:3)?  The Jews did not understand how to, and made-up their own Sabbath laws that Yeshua broke.  He did not break the Sabbath, if He had, then He would have sinned, which He did not – He was sinless.

Does the Sabbath abolish all work?  Absolutely not, it is the “Type” of work that is different (e.g. John 5:16-17). 

How do we keep the Sabbath? Firstly, acknowledge the Sabbath like Yeshua did (Mark 2:27-28).  Secondly, do good work as defined by God (Mark 3:4).

What kind of work is good on the Sabbath? All types of work that forces self to spend time with God, help people glorify God and show mercy to all.  Therefore, it is a day to reflect on the goodness of God and one’s dependence on Him (per the Sabbath Psalm 92 – this Psalm was read during the Sabbath as a reminder).

We are to imitate Yeshua (1 Cor. 11:1) therefore look at how He kept the Sabbath:

What kind of work is unacceptable on the Sabbath?  In summary, all work that is self-focused, self-reliant (money focus), and work that exploits people or animals. To expound:




Some practical questions about “keeping” the Sabbath


1) Most power plants are automated or store power, but if someone is directly working for you, tell them to stop.

2) Per the context, the emphasis is on the “work” required to make a fire: Kindling, collecting sticks, chopping wood, trying to get a spark and then trying to maintain it with the correct levels of air flow.If we are doing this type work then stop.If automated, then not to worry, enjoy the Sabbath.


No, if it is for self-focus.  However, yes if one is doing things for the Lord like the Priests and Levites did on the Sabbath, or going to the Tabernacle/place of fellowship to know more about God, or helping someone in need, or feeding their animals, or eating food at someone’s house in order to share the good news of the Kingdom (Luke 14:1).  In summary, look at the example of Yeshua who kept the Sabbath perfectly. 


No, by going out to a restaurant, you are directly making them work for you - trading (Exo. 20:9-10; Neh. 10:31).  Even if someone else pays, you are still making them work.


The unbelievers are self-reliant but seek first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness and all these things will be added to you (Mat 6:33). Know that God is your provider (Gen. 22:14) and arrange your work so that you can keep His command.  Obedience requires faith. 



You are doing good by helping people but instead of you receiving money from your labour, give the service for free or give the money obtained to the poor (keep none of it for yourself).






Romans 14 verse by verse commentary – You will notice that nothing about the Sabbath is mentioned, nothing about the Lord’s Day, but everything about “doubtful things” – things not called out specifically in the scripture. Paul is writing to those who already know the law of God (Rom 7:1).


Romans 14


(Rom 14:1) Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things.

Paul told Timothy that all scripture (OT) was used for correction, reproof (2 Tim 3:16).  But if it is not in there how can they judge? Therefore, do not dispute over doubtful things, like which day or how many days to fast or IF the food in the market place has been sacrificed to idols and you don’t know about it.

(Rom 14:2) For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables.

(Rom 14:3) Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge him who eats; for God has received him.

(Rom 14:4) Who are you to judge another's servant? To his own master he stands or falls. Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand.

Notice he is comparing meat to vegetables as people typically sacrificed meat to idols vs. vegetables and sold it in the market place.  So they don’t know if all the meat was sacrificed or some.  "They are unsure" (doubtful things) so they ate only vegetables.  If they knew, then they shouldn’t eat it (Rev 2:20; Act 15:29).  Now that they were unsure if the meat was sacrificed to idols, then they can eat it based on 2 conditions (1 Tim 4:3-5): The WORD OF GOD (Lev 11 – God clearly says what meat can be eaten e.g. lamb, beef not pork or shell fish etc. and if one is uncertain as to whether it has been offered to idols) and PRAYER (1 Tim 4:5 – blessing, thanksgiving).  But if the person wants to fast meat but only eats vegetables. 

(Rom 14:5) One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.

(Rom 14:6) He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. He who eats, eats to the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he who does not eat, to the Lord he does not eat, and gives God thanks.

(Rom 14:7) For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself.

(Rom 14:8) For if we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. Therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Lord's.

(Rom 14:9)  For to this end Christ died and rose and lived again, that He might be Lord of both the dead and the living.

Paul continues talking about doubtful things like abstaining from food and choosing a day to do that – fasting.  The day “a person” esteems more than the other like fasting, not a day God esteemed above another like the Sabbath.  If it is a day we esteem – it is between God and us. 


Also please note, we are either to esteem one day or all days.  But not all days are to be alike.  “Alike” is not in the original.  I esteem the Sabbath because He esteemed it, I esteem Monday as a fast day, Wednesday as a Bible Study day, etc.  They are set aside for a specific Kingdom purpose. 

(Rom 14:10) But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you show contempt for your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.


(Rom 14:12) So then each of us shall give account of himself to God.

This seems like a contradiction with 1 Cor 6:2 where Paul says "Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life? If then you have judgments concerning things pertaining to this life, do you appoint those who are least esteemed by the church to judge?" (1 Cor 6:2-4).  Paul is saying do not judge over doubtful things (not in the scripture 1 Cor. 5:1-5; 6:2-4; 2 Tim 3:16) but judge with righteous judgment (things not doubtful).  And when you do, measure yourself before you judge another, for the same measure you use it will be measured back to you (e.g. Rom 2:12; Matt 7:1-2; 1 Cor 11:31). As we are all going to give an account.  This is something we are to remember. 

(Rom 14:13) Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather resolve this, not to put a stumbling block or a cause to fall in our brother's way.

Do not judge another over “doubtful things” thereby putting a stumbling block or cause for our brother to fall.  They may be offended because of this doubtful judgement which is based on nothing!  And this offense is worse than the actual deed they might have done which you will be accountable for! 

(Rom 14:14) I know and am convinced by the Lord Yeshua that there is nothing unclean of itself; but to him who considers anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.

(Rom 14:15) But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died. 

(Rom 14:16) Therefore do not let your good be spoken of as evil;

Is Paul really saying “nothing” is unclean and thereby contradicting the early Church Act 15:29 and what Yeshua said to the Church (Rev 2:14,20)? Or is Paul saying there is nothing that is unclean of ITSELF - by the original design made by God, for an intended purpose nothing is unclean.  For example, by the Lord Yeshua we would not be eating blood, eating an animal that was strangled, eating anything offered to idols knowingly (Act 15:29). However, when it is doubtful (not sure if it was sacrificed to idols) then don’t grieve our brother by judging him for eating it, or if he is offended don’t eat it so that he doesn’t judge all your good work as evil. 

(Rom 14:17) for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.

(Rom 14:18) For he who serves Christ in these things is acceptable to God and approved by men.

(Rom 14:19) Therefore let us pursue the things which make for peace and the things by which one may edify another.

The Kingdom of God is spiritual so it is obviously not eating and drinking!  He is not saying you can eat everything you want thereby negating the Church Leaders & Yeshua’s words “do not eat things offered to idols” (Act 15:29; Rev 2:14,20). He is saying focus on righteous living, peace and joy IN AND ONLY IN THE Holy Spirit.  Holy Spirit will help you, and help all things fall into place.  Don’t put the cart before the horse. We will pursue love and peace and building one another up. Sometimes love and edifying includes expelling a person like Paul did in 1 Cor 5:1-5.  Because the focus is the saving of the soul. 

(Rom 14:20) Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are pure, but it is evil for the man who eats with offense.

(Rom 14:21) It is good neither to eat meat nor drink wine nor do anything by which your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak.

(Rom 14:22) Do you have faith? Have it to yourself before God. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves.

(Rom 14:23) But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat from faith; for whatever is not from faith is sin.

Paul summarizes doubtful things: If you don’t know if it is sacrificed to idols and it meets God’s standards for food then eat it, thanking Him.  If someone will be offended by you, then don’t eat it or drink it. For example; some people believe that no one should drink wine and some people believe they can.  This is doubtful, there isn’t a scripture forbidding to drink wine, but the opposite is given in certain situations.  Yeshua turned water into wine, He drank wine, the Lord’s supper had wine, Communion is wine, Paul told Timothy to take a little wine for his stomach’s sake.  But if someone shouldn’t drink wine because it can make them stumble – as they were previously an alcoholic, then don’t drink it in front of them or put it around them, thereby making them stumble.  This is not love.  Also don’t tell someone not to drink wine when the law of God doesn’t forbid it.  This concludes Paul’s message on doubtful things and how to judge within it.






Verse by verse commentary – You will see that no-where in the scripture does the writer remove the Sabbath or indicate that the day was replaced by Yeshua. The key is that the writer tells us to rest in what Christ does and he gives 3 examples of people who did not rest to support his case - 1) Israel into the promised land, did not enter due to unbelief (starts ch3), They would have found rest from works - specifically rest from their enemies, rest from hard labour in the field as it will be a land flowing with milk and honey. 2) 7th day they did not enter because of unbelief, rest from working for others and self. 3) Today if they would obey God's voice, yet they didn't and their heart became harder because of unbelief, they would have had rest from hardness of heart ..... Hebrews 4 has nothing to do with the Sabbath except that he uses it as one of 3 examples where the Israelites rejected God's blessing of rest because of unbelief, they did not enter. Similarly, not entering the rest in Christ because of unbelief.  You will also notice that the Israelites had every day to be in His rest (just like we are in Yeshua) and they were still told to keep the Sabbath. They refused due to unbelief, like many refuse today.  You will also notice that the writer affirms the Sabbath. He who has ears to hear, hear.



(Heb 4:1) Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.

Therefore, fear God because you can come short of entering His rest.  It isn’t a done deal.  Fear results in an action.  But what action is required? To believe and do what He says.

(Heb 4:2) For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.

“Unto us” – In Heb 3, the good news was preached to the Israelites and also unto us – the hearers.

(Heb 4:3) For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.

“Those who believed” is past tense and "do enter" is a present tense.  They would enter rest after they believe.  Those Israelites who did not believe, didn’t enter His rest.  

Then the writer gives an example.  This is another sentence that provides the example and followed by v4.  “Although the works were finished from the foundations of the world”.  This is creation and then God rested. 

(Heb 4:4) For he spake in a certain of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.

(Heb 4:5) And in this again, If they shall enter into my rest.

(Heb 4:6) Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:

God spoke of the 7th Day (Sabbath) for people to rest in, He sanctified it and blessed it.  He also gave the example by resting in it Himself (Gen 2:1-2) and in this again, they refused to enter into His rest. 


Therefore there is an action to step into the blessing He provided but unbelief keeps us out.  Those would the 7th day was shared with rejected it because of unbelief.

(Heb 4:7) Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.

He gives another example.  A specific day, "Today" meaning "now" (Psa 95:7) do not harden the heart.  In other words, listen and obey so that one’s heart doesn’t get hard because of unbelief.

(Heb 4:8) For if Joshua had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.

Joshua said that once they take possession (action of taking the land with force) as the Lord promised them THEN they will have rest (Jos 1:15; 22:4).  After they fought against the enemies, God gave them rest (Jos 23:1).  Notice the different type of rest referenced.  But they didn’t have rest because of their continual disobedience based on unbelief.

(Heb 4:9) There remaineth therefore rest to the people of God.

Therefore there remains a rest for the people of God.  Some versions have the word “rest” but the accurate translation from the Greek for this Greek word is - There remains “Sabbath keeping” for the people of God.

(Heb 4:10) For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.

(Heb 4:11) Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

Those who have entered His rest, have stopped their own works like God did from His.  Therefore let us (believers) LABOUR (work) to enter that rest by being obedient to Him until we die.

(Heb 4:12) For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Word of God that we hear and obey delivers results and reveals the heart of disobedience or obedience.  You will know them by their fruit.  The starting point of every action is a thought, every thought is a belief, and every belief hinges on the authority we put above ourselves. 

(Heb 4:13) Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

All things are transparent before him as the word of God penetrates every area of life.  He knows if we are working to enter the rest He provided or not.

(Heb 4:14) Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Yeshua the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

Let us hold onto what our High Priest, Yeshua Christ did and said, He is our example e.g. Mat 23:1-3; Mat 5:17-48; 7:21-25. 

(Heb 4:15) For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

(Heb 4:16) Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace,  that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

For Yeshua also knows our weakness because He too experienced them and is the perfect example to follow and the One we run to for help in our weaknesses.